Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are common in both men and women. However, because of biological differences, there are some diseases that are more common among women than men. Some of these STDs are even asymptomatic, meaning that those who are infected may not show any symptoms. Patients who may be infected will only know if they take an STD test in Singapore. These four STDs are especially common because of the lack of symptoms. Here are four of the most common STDs found in women and the possible symptoms that follow.
Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
The most common STD in the US, the Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is said to infect almost every sexually active person there. There are more than 40 types of HPV that can be transmitted through sexual contact, though many of those infected have very mild symptoms. The body is very likely to get rid of the virus on its own. However, some infected patients may experience genital warts. More serious cases may result in cancer, though vaccines are available to prevent those mouth, throat, penis or cervix cancers. HPV can spread easily even through skin-on-skin contact and other sexual acts. Consult your STD clinic in Singapore immediately if you notice genital warts as that may be the result of HPV.
Chlamydia is spread mainly through vaginal and anal sex and is caused by a bacteria called Chlamydia trachomatis. Just like HPV, chlamydia patients seldom show symptoms. In fact, only about 25% of women experience the most common symptoms of odd discharges from the vagina and pain when urinating. However, because it can be asymptomatic, it spreads much more quickly among sexual partners. Chlamydia can be treated with a course of antibiotics from an STD clinic.
Gonorrhoea is one of the oldest known STDs and about 1 million women in the world have it. Many women with gonorrhoea do not experience symptoms, but in later stages, gonorrhoea may present itself through symptoms such as a burning sensation during urination, vaginal itching or burning, a redness or swelling of the genitals or a vaginal discharge that is yellow. Should it be left untreated, gonorrhoea can result in Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) which could result in the patient being unable to bear children. Gonorrhoea can be tested through swabs and cured with a course of antibiotics from your local STD clinic.
Finally, syphilis is an STD that infects the body in three stages, with the last stage causing problems and failures in various bodily organs. At first, syphilis may cause the formation of an ulcer, and during this stage the disease is highly contagious. Though the early stage may resolve on its own without treatment, some women will experience the next onset of symptoms, which begins to affect various organs in the body. Often, this results in a skin rash that may not itch. Other symptoms may include fever, headaches, sore throat and hair loss. Depending on the stage of the disease in a syphilis patient, treatment can vary. However, consulting a doctor at an STD clinic is ideal for you to get tested and receive treatment should you have the disease.